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Burundi’s colonial background was similar to Rwanda’s, but the immediate path to independence differed widely.  King Mwambursa IV established substantial cooperation between Tutsis and Hutus.  His son, Louis Rwagasore, founded a political party enshrining the unitive endeavors of his father.  When Rwagasore was assassinated, the Tutsi’s, fearful of the ethnic massacres that had occurred in its neighbor Rwanda just a year or two before, expelled many Hutus from the party ensuring a Tutsi majority.  And so a Tutsi dominated Burundi came to independence.1

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  1. Kevin Shillington, History of Africa, Third Edition, (Palgrave MacMillan),
    page(s) 413