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The flag and Coat of Arms of Chad is featured above.

Chad is desert. Lying in the heart of that portion of Africa that is above the equator, a thousand kilometers from the sea, it is dry.

Lake Chad waters 4 countries a one time vast inland lake without outlet. The Chad Basin is vast, occupying 8% of the land area of the entire continent,1 and includes almost all of the country Chad, most of Niger and parts of five other countries. 2 At it’s lowest point is Lake Chad providing water for four countries.3 It is said that the lake shrunk in size 95% from the 1960s to the 1990s, but has recovered significantly since then.4The lake is shallow,5 and, therefore, one can imagine its expanse varies rapidly with inflowing water or its evaporation. The name Chad means “large expanse of water”.6

A crossroads of civilizations7 Chad has been termed in describing the flow of civilizations for millenia prior to the European arrival in the 19th century AD.

Colonial Era …

France established a protectorate over Chad in 1900.8 By 1920, colonial status for Chad was established and incorporated as part of French Equatorial Africa.9

French Equatorial Africa …

Chad was combined with regions that today are known as the Central African Republic, Gabon, Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo, to form what was then known as French Equatorial Africa. Today there are 5 countries coming from the conglomerate; then there were four territories that were combined:  French Gabon, French Congo, Oubangui-Chari and French Chad. French Cameroon was joined following WW1.

France generally viewed Chad as an unimportant colony and, consequent;y, little effort was expended to either administrate it or modernize it, to develop its educational system, or to develop its resources.10

Independence …

Independence was granted to Chad August 11, 1960.11  Sara François Tombalbaye served as its first president. Two years into his rule he banished opposition parties and ruled autocratically. Civil way began in 1965 led by Muslims in the North. In 1975 Tombalbaye was killed. In 1979 the capital was seized by rebels led by French and United States supported Hissène Habré and essentially all administrative functions of government ceased.

Habre consolidated power through corruption and violence and thousands are considered to have died under his rule.12 He was overthrown by his general Idriss Déby who worked at reconciling the competing factions and continues to rule in Chad to the present.

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Closeup detail Chad 1000 Francs 2000 banknote back featuring people on raft

Chad – 1000 Francs – Year 2000

Chas 1000 Francs Banknote – Year 2000 – Face and Back
Chad 1000 Franc banknote year 2000 - front
Chad 1000 francs year 2000

The front of our banknote features the agriculture of coffee in central Africa.  The coffee flower in the lower left and the coffee fruit in the upper right, then the coffee picking in the upper center and the coffee winnowing in the lower center, all elements of the agriculture so important to Central Africa.  Our banknote is from Chad.  This is indicated by the letter “P” in the top right corner and lower left corner of the front of our banknote.

6 countries participated in the common currency known as the Central African CFA franc at this time.  The images are the same, but each banknote is marked with a country code. For the banknotes issued from 1993 until 2001, the country codes for the 6 participating nations were as follows:

  • C – Congo
  • E – Cameroon
  • F – Central African Republic
  • L – Gabon
  • N – Equitorial Guinea
  • P – Chad

For the banknotes issued in 2002, the country codes for the 6 participating nations were as follows:

  • T – Congo
  • U – Cameroon
  • M – Central African Republic
  • A – Gabon
  • F – Equatorial Guinea
  • C – Chad

The first two digits of the serial number identify the year of issuance. So, for example, the serial number on our banknote from Chad, above, is 0058189410. The first two digits are 00. This indicates that the year of issuance is the year 2000. Had the year of issuance been 1997, the first two digits would be 97.

Chad 1000 Francs Banknote year 2000 back
Chad 1000 francs year 2000

The logging industry is featured on the reverse of this banknote from Chad.  Appropriate trees are selected and felled in the forest.  Then they are topped and delimbed and cut into transportable logs.  The image on our banknote shows five men, equipped with tools of the trade, guiding their prepared logs on the waterways of Central Africa to the preplanned spot where a transport truck is waiting.

The beautiful hardwoods from the equatorial rainforests of Central Africa are prized around the world.

Chad 1000 francs banknote year 2000 closeup detail map
Chad 1000 francs year 2000

The six participant countries are indicated in this map on our banknote.

Chad is at the top of this map.

Closeup of detail Chad 1000 Francs 2000 banknote front (2)
Chad 1000 francs year 2000

Closeup detail Chad 1000 Francs 2000 banknote back featuring people on raft
Chad 1000 francs year 2000