Egypt 25 Piastre banknote back (2)

Egypt

Egypt 25 Piastres Banknote – Face and Back
Egypt 25 Piastres Banknote back
Egypt
Egypt 25 Piastres Banknote front
Egypt
Egypt 50 Piastre banknote front (2)

Egypt

Egypt 50 Piastres Banknote – Face and Back
Egypt 50 Piastres Banknote back
Egypt
Egypt 50 Piastres Banknote back
Egypt
closeup detail of Morocco 20 Dirham banknote front

Morocco Bab Chellah – 20 Dirhams

Morrocco 20 Dirhams Banknote, Year 2005 – Face and Back
Morocco 20 dirhams banknote, year 2005, front, featuring portrait of King Mohammed VI
Morocco 20 Dirhams, front

King Mohammed VI is featured on the front of the 2005 series banknote.  Born the oldest son to Hassan II, Mohammed was named Heir Apparent and Crown Prince on the day of his birth in 1963.  On July 23, 1999, he ascended the throne upon the death of his father and reigns as king to this day.

Beyond him is the gate of the Chellah, often referenced as bab callah, or similar, “bab” being an Arabic word for gate.  Chellah is an ancient fortress in Rabat, about 3 kilometers up the River Bou Reg from the Kasbah illustrated below.  The gate can be seen in this photo in Google earth.

Morocco 20 dirhams banknote, year 2005, back
Morocco 20 Dirhams, back

Featured on the back of this banknote is the Kasbah of Rabat, on the Atlantic ocean at the mouth of the River Bou Reg.  A kasbah, with various similar english spellings from the Arabic noun such as qasaba and qasbah, is a citadel or fortress or the central fortified part of a town.  In Morocco it frequently refers to multiple buildings in a citadel or behind a defensive wall.  Sometimes they were built on commanding hills for defense.  Often they were built at the entrance to harbors, such as ours here at Rabat in Morocco.  This was built in the 12th century.  It has recently been added to the World Heritage list.  The Kasbah can be seen in this Google earth image.

Detail from Morocco 20 dirhams banknote, year 2005, back
Detail from the back of the 20 Dirham Morocco banknote illustrating the Kasbah of the Udayas
View of the Kasbah of the Udayas from the opposite side of the mouth of the River Bou Reg
View of the Kasbah of the Udayas from the opposite side of the mouth of the River Bou Reg; from Sale, twin city to the capital of Morocco, Rabat. The high tower of the Kasbah is far left in the photo and central in the banknote image.
Sudan 2 Pound 2011 banknote front (2) featuring musical notes and instruments

Sudan – 2 Pounds – Year 2011

Sudanese 2 Pound Banknote Year 2011 – Face and Back
sudan 2 pound banknote year 2011 2 front featuring musical instruments and musical notes
Sudan, 2011, 2 pounds banknote

Musical instruments and musical scores adorn this side of our banknote from Sudan.

The story of Sudan, the southern neighbor of Egypt, traces back, at the least, to the age of the Pharoahs.  At the end of the colonial era, it was under British control, from which it gained independence in 1953, in the rearrangement of all things following the wars of the 20th century.

2011, the year of our banknote, is also the year of the dissolution of Sudan’s union with much of its southern populace.  This dissolution was the climax of two civil wars, the first of which commenced in 1955, 2 years after independence from Britain, and the second of which commenced in 1983, 11 years after the end of the first, but widely regarded as a continuation of the 1st civil war.  The South seceded and has been recognized internationally as a new nation, South Sudan.

sudan 2 pound banknote year 2011 2 back featuring pottery
Sudan, 2011, 2 pounds banknote

Sudanese pottery is featured on our banknote.

Tripolitania 10 Lira banknote front (2)

Libya Tripolitania – 10 Lire – Year 1943 – WW2

Libya Tripolitania – 10 Lire Banknote – Year 1943 – Face and Back
Libya Tripolitania - 10 Lire banknote year 1943
Tripolitanian Lira, era WW2, 20th century

“Issued by the Military Authority in Tripolitania” reads our banknote prominently across the obverse top center.  The Tripolitanian Lira was issued in this region under British command, generally now known as Libya, during and immediately following World War 2.  It was replaced in 1952 with the Libyan pound, Libya having become independent the preceding year, 1951.  Tripoli today is the largest city in Libya., Benghazi being the second largest city.

Tripolitania, on the Mediterranean coast of northern Africa, is a region populated since time immemorial, and prominent since, at least, the Carthaginian empire, a great competitor of the early Roman empire.  A city, on the site of present day Tripoli, was founded by the Phoenicians in the 7th century BC; and was subsequently overtaken by the Greeks and then the Carthaginians.  With the defeat of Carthage in the Punic Wars, Tripolitania came under the governance of Rome until the Fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century.  The 8th century Muslim Conquest brought Tripolitania under the influence of Islam, and the 15th century Ottoman Conquest brought it into the new empire.

A military coup d’etat brought Omar Gaddafi to power in 1969.  Gaddafi ruled until he was overthrown in the 2011 civil war, a part of the Arab Spring.

Tripolitania 10 Lira banknote back (2)
Tripolitanian 10 Lira

Tripoli has an ancient heritage.  Americans may recall the name in the lyric from the theme song of the Marine division of its armed forces, “..to the shores of Tripoli“.  A Barbary wars fought around Tripoli were perhaps the official first armed conflict of the newly birthed United States.

Oea was founded by the Phoenenicians two thousand seven hundred years ago on the southern Mediterranean coast. Ocea, together with later rising cities of Sabratha and Leptis Magna, became known a the three cities, or Tripolis, by the Greeks and then the Romans.