closeup detail from Syria 50 Pounds Banknote, Year 2010 back featuring the Elba tablets

Syria – The Elba Tablets

Syria 50 Pounds Banknote, Year 2010 – Face and Back
Syria 50 Pounds Banknote, Year 2010 back, featuring the Al-Assad National Public Library in Damascus
Syria, series 2010, 50 pond banknote, front, featuring the Al-Assad National Public Library in Damascus

The Syrian national library in Damascus is a treasure chest of world history.

Damascus is one of the ancient great cities of the world, and considered the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world.  A 10th century geographer, Al-Maqaddasi, said Damascus ranked among the four earthly paradise.

Mark Twain, upon his visit to the city in 1867, remarked, “To Damascus, years are only moments, decades are only flitting trifles of time. She measures time not by days and months and years, but by the empires she has seen rise and prosper and crumble to ruin. She is a type of immortality.”  A burgeoning art movement had been developing in Damascus since the 1980s or so until the present civil wars era.  Artists from around the word as well as Syria exhibited regularly in the proliferating galleries throughout the city, as the arts were sponsored by, although also censored to some extent, by the state.

Syria 50 Pounds Banknote, Year 2010 front, featuring elba tablets
Ebla tablets, back side of Syria 50 pound banknote 2010 series

Known as the Elba tablets, these clay scripts include over 1500 complete tablets and 4500 fragments, written in both Sumerian and an ancient, as yet not assuredly identified, language.  They date from 2500 BC until the destruction of the city of Elba in 2250 BC.

They were discovered in 1975, in situ, on collapsed shelves, just as they were left 4000 years ago.  The palace library containing the tablets was destroyed and burned.  The fire baked the tablets in place, helping to preserve them.

closeup detail from Syria 50 Pounds Banknote, Year 2010 back featuring the Elba tablets
detail of the Elba tablets

They provide the first known references to Lebanon and the Canaanites.  “Damaski” is noted in the tablets, which many understand to be referencing the city Damascus.  The tablets are held today in Syrian museums in Damascus, Aleppo and Idlib.

closeup detail from Syria 50 Pounds Banknote, Year 2010 front, featuring statue of Hafez Al-Assad
statue of Hafez Al-Assad, detail from front of 2010 series, 50 pounds, Syria banknote

Hafez Al-Assad (1930-2000), father of current president Bashar Al-Assad, was president of Syria from 1971 until his death in 2000.

Iraq 50 Dinar banknote back (2) featuring palm tress

Iraq – 50 Dinars

Iraq 50 Dinars Banknote – Face and Back
Iraq 50 Dinars Banknote back, featuring Medjool date palm trees
Iraq 50 back

Medjool date palms are featured on this banknote of Iraq. The date palm has been cultivated for thousands of years in Iraq and has been a staple food since ancient times.

Iraq 50 Dinars Banknote front, featuring city of Basra
Iraq 50 front

The great city of Basra is featured on this side of our Iraqi banknote. Basra is the main port of Iraq.  The illustration on our banknote shows a cargo ship moored at port and receiving grain for export from the dock-side grain silo.

Iraq 5 dinars banknote

Iraq – 5 Dinars

Iraq 5 Dinars Banknote – Face and Back
Iraq 5 Dinars Banknote back
Iraq 5 dinars
Iraq 5 Dinars Banknote front, featuring portrait
Iraq 5 dinars
Iraq 100 Dinar banknote

Iraq – 100 Dinars

Iraq 100 Dinars Banknote – Face and Back
Iraq 100 Dinars Banknote back
Iraq 100 Dinars
Iraq 100 Dinars Banknote front, featuring portrait
Iraq 100 Dinars
Iraq 250 Dinar banknote front (2)

Iraq – 250 Dinars

Iraq 250 Dinars Banknote – Face and Back
Iraq 250 Dinars Banknote back
Iraq 250 Dinars
Iraq 250 Dinars Banknote front
Iraq 250 Dinars
Israel 5 Lirot Banknote, Year 1968 front, featuring portrait of Albert Einstein

Israel – 1968

Israel 5 Lirot Banknote, Year 1968 – Face and Back
Israel 5 Lirot Banknote, Year 1968, front, featuring portrait of Albert Einstein
Israel
Israel 5 Lirot Banknote, Year 1968 back
Israel