Conjoined busts of Jose Eduardo dos Santos and Antonio Agostinho Neto, two presidents of Angola.
António Agostinho Neto (17 September 1922 – 10 September 1979) served as the 1st President of Angola (1975–1979), having led the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) in the war for independence (1961–1974). Until his death, he led the MPLA in the civil war (1975–2002). Known also for his literary activities, he is considered Angola’s preeminent poet. His birthday is celebrated as National Heroes’ Day, a public holiday in Angola.1
José Eduardo dos Santos, born 28 August 1942) is an Angolan politician who served as President of Angola from 1979 to 2017. As President, José Eduardo dos Santos was also the commander in chief of the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA) and President of the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the party that has ruled Angola since it gained independence in 1975. He was the second-longest-serving president in Africa, surpassed only by President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea, who took power less than two months before dos Santos.2
The Ruacana waterfalls are featured on the back of our banknote. The Ruacana falls are on the Kuene river which forms much of the border between Angola to the North and its neighbor Namibia to the South.
The Angola coat of arms is featured on our banknote.
Central is the machete and the hoe, symbols of revolution and agricultural workers.
The star rising represents progress.
The right half of the circle is a cog, or gear, symbolic of industrial workers. The left half of the circle is a wreath of maize and cotton leaves, symbolic of agricultural workers.
The banner is Portuguese for Republic of Angola.
Angola celebrates its independence day November 11. November 11, 1975 is the date of independence from Portugal.