Emblem of Iran1State emblem of the Islamic Republic of Iran, stylized version of Arabic script of Allah (الله
, with the central lam shaped to look like a sword.) The emblem is also an overlaid rendering of La Ilaha Illa Allah (There is only one God and that is ‘Allah’).”

Three thousand years ago, the Greeks began to use the word Persians to refer to a people with whom they were already long acquainted, and which, at that time, occupied a land known as Persis. Persis was on the northern coast of a great and curious Sea. On the right hand, it was continually filled by the two great Rivers, Tigris and Euphrates. On the left hand it turns and twists. The Sea narrows as it turns Northward, and then narrows greatly and twists suddenly Southwards and then deepens and connects to the ocean beyond. In that turning twisting place, sometimes the waters flowed this way and sometimes the waters flowed that way. There were whirlpools and undercurrents and shipwrecks. The people learned to navigate these waters and became builders of fine seaworthy vessels. Their boats reached India and Africa and China; 3 and their frame spread afar.

Between these Sea people, and the impassable mountains in the northwest; in the high plains valleys, lived six tribes who became collectively known as the Medes. The tribes were the Busae, the Paretaceni, the Struchates, the Arizanti, the Budii, and the Magi. The Magi were the priests of Zoroaster.

It is said that both the Persians and the Medes originally referred to themselves as Iranians, and sometimes as Aryans. The names are derived an ancient word meaning one who assembles skillfully, or, those who build well. Zoroaster, sometimes called Zarathustra, was Iranian and one of the earliest teachers of monotheism. The Iranians were great builders of old.

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  1. Attribution: Madden, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
  2. wikipedia, emblem of Iran
  3. Iran News, Afshin Majlesi, The ancient art of making boats in southern Iran
  4. Iran News, Afshin Majlesi, The ancient art of making boats in southern Iran
  5. wikipedia, Medes, “According to the Histories of Herodotus (440 BC): The Medes were formerly called by everyone Arians, but when the Colchian woman Medea came from Athens to the Arians, they changed their name, like the Persians [did after Perses, son of Perseus and Andromeda]. This is the Medes’ own account of themselves.